Efecto de la información en la ansiedad prequirúrgica

  • Álvaro Romero Ajenjo Grado en Enfermería
Palabras clave: cuidados preoperatorios; educación; estudios de evaluación; enfermería de quirófano; procedimientos quirúrgicos operativos

Resumen

Introducción. La ansiedad preoperatoria es un estado emocional desagradable que experimentan los pacientes que están esperando a ser intervenidos quirúrgicamente a consecuencia del inminente procedimiento. Su presencia tiene importantes consecuencias psicológicas, fisiológicas y clínicas. Existen tratamientos que son eficaces para reducirla. La reducción de los niveles de ansiedad preoperatoria está relacionada con una mejor recuperación postoperatoria, logrando una mayor satisfacción global del paciente, menor dolor y náuseas y vómitos postoperatorios, un menor consumo de ansiolíticos y sedantes, incluso una estancia hospitalaria más corta. Las intervenciones informativas y educativas llevadas a cabo por enfermeras son prometedoras para reducir los niveles de ansiedad preoperatoria. y deben incluirse en la práctica clínica habitual.

Hipótesis. La información proporcionada a paciente y acompañantes antes de una intervención quirúrgica disminuye los niveles de ansiedad preoperatoria en el paciente

Metodología. Se trata de un estudio unicéntrico, analítico, longitudinal, cuasiexperimental con grupo control no concurrente, no aleatorizado, comparando los niveles de ansiedad con una intervención informativa estructurada (grupo experimental) con la práctica clínica habitual (grupo control).

Conclusiones. Existe una relación entre la información recibida por los pacientes y su nivel de ansiedad. Los pacientes que reciben la información presentan menores niveles de ansiedad.

 

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Publicado
2020-11-04
Cómo citar
Romero Ajenjo, Álvaro. (2020). Efecto de la información en la ansiedad prequirúrgica. Conocimiento Enfermero, 3(10), 30-50. Recuperado a partir de https://www.conocimientoenfermero.es/index.php/ce/article/view/136
Sección
Estudios originales